Dark, S. P. (2005). Mid- to late-Holocene vegetational and land-use change in the Hadrian's Wall region:. J Archaeol Sci 32 (4). Vol 32(4), pp. 601-618.

Title
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Title:
Mid- to late-Holocene vegetational and land-use change in the Hadrian's Wall region:
Subtitle
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Subtitle:
a radiocarbon-dated pollen sequence from Crag Lough, Northumberland, England
Issue
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Issue:
J Archaeol Sci 32 (4)
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Series:
Journal of Archaeological Science
Volume
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32 (4)
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Page Start/End:
601 - 618
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Journal
Abstract
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Pollen, charcoal and sedimentological analyses of a radiocarbon-dated sediment sequence from Crag Lough, by Hadrian's Wall, northern England, are used to reconstruct vegetational and land-use change since ca. 3000 cal BC. The sequence is interpreted in the light of the archaeological record, particularly in relation to the impact of Roman military activity in the area. The most significant episodes of woodland clearance occurred in the late Neolithic/early Bronze Age period and then in the middle Iron Age, creating a patchwork of woodland, heather moorland, pasture and arable land by the Roman period. The main changes in the Roman period were a decline in the extent of Betula woodland and perhaps the local introduction of Secale cereale cultivation. Local land management practices involving fire seem to have been suspended in the Roman period, but resumed afterwards. The end of the Roman period may have been accompanied by a shift towards pastoral land-use and abandonment of less favourable agricultural land, but the effect was minor compared to that at other sites in the region. Later shifts in land use may relate to climate variability, as reconstructed from several mires in northern England.
Author
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Author:
S P Dark
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2005
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Subjects / Periods:
Pollen Charcoal (Auto Detected Subject))
Early Bronze Age (MIDAS)
Roman (MIDAS)
Middle Iron Age (MIDAS)
Late Neolithic (MIDAS)
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BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
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URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
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29 Jun 2005