Webley, L. (2007). Prehistoric, Roman and Saxon activity on the Fen hinterland at Parnwell, Peterborough. Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society 96. Vol 96, pp. 79-114. https://doi.org/10.5284/1073368. Cite this via datacite

Title
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Title:
Prehistoric, Roman and Saxon activity on the Fen hinterland at Parnwell, Peterborough
Issue
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Issue:
Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society 96
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Series:
Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society
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Volume:
96
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
79 - 114
Downloads
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Downloads:
PCAS_XCVI_2007_079-114_Webley.pdf (4 MB) : Download
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DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1073368
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Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
Report on an excavation and watching brief carried out in 2004--5 at Parnwell, Peterborough, providing an opportunity to investigate an extensive area of the clay hinterland adjacent to the gravel terraces surrounding Flag Fen. The earliest occupation took the form of a cluster of Early Neolithic pits. Subsequent activity in the Early Bronze Age was represented by a looser scatter of pits, which contained Collared and Biconical Urn pottery. A small area of Later Iron Age settlement was found at the southern edge of the site, with occupation probably continuing without a break into the Roman period, when a more substantial enclosed settlement was established. Features associated with the Romano-British settlement included a corn-drier, which had been used for roasting malt. The settlement lay within an extensive field system, which also contained a small cremation cemetery. Pollen evidence suggests that there was some regeneration of scrub or woodland following the abandonment of the settlement in the third century AD. Anglo-Saxon features consisted of fifty-seven pits with burnt fills scattered across the site, radiocarbon dated to the seventh to ninth century cal AD. These were probably associated with charcoal production, with no evidence of contemporary settlement in the immediate area. Cropmarks indicating ridge-and-furrow cultivation show that the site was cleared and put under arable use at some point in the medieval or early post-medieval periods. Separately authored contributions include
Author
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Author:
Leo Webley
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2007
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Field System (Auto Detected Subject))
Early Neolithic (MIDAS)
Pits (Auto Detected Subject))
Point (Auto Detected Subject))
Early Medieval (MIDAS)
Iron Age (MIDAS)
Pottery (Auto Detected Subject))
Cremation Cemetery Pollen Evidence (Auto Detected Subject))
Prehistoric (MIDAS)
Gravel Terraces (Auto Detected Subject))
Medieval (MIDAS)
Settlement (Auto Detected Subject))
Roman (MIDAS)
Early Bronze Age (MIDAS)
Charcoal (Auto Detected Subject))
Note
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[OS TF 220 011]
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Created Date
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Created Date:
11 Jan 2008