Waddington, C., Johnson, B. and Mazel, A. (2005). Excavation of a rock art site at Hunterheugh Crag, Northumberland. Archaeologia Aeliana Series 5. Vol 34, pp. 29-54. https://doi.org/10.5284/1061137. Cite this via datacite

Title
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Title:
Excavation of a rock art site at Hunterheugh Crag, Northumberland
Issue
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Issue:
Archaeologia Aeliana Series 5
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Series:
Archaeologia Aeliana
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Volume:
34
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
29 - 54
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archael534-029-054-waddington.pdf (20 MB) : Download
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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
International License
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1061137
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Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
The paper reports the findings from an excavation on a cup and ring marked outcrop rock in Northumberland. The excavation revealed an initial phase of carving cup and ring motifs on outcropping bedrock that predated the Early Bronze Age by a length of time which is unknown but considered to be substantial. At what is believed on the basis of weathering to be a considerably later date, parts of the rock outcrop were quarried, presumably as part of a cairn building episode, and new motifs were carved onto the surfaces where rock had been removed. What appears to be a cist box, probably for an infant, was constructed between two quarried slabs, one with phase 1 carvings on its surface. A cairn was then piled over the cist and central rock dome, and a stone setting was made towards the top of the cairn which may have served as a grave for a secondary burial. This type of monument is typical of the Early Bronze Age and nearby sites have produced radiocarbon determinations dating towards the centuries around 2000 BC. The cairn directly overlay the cist as well as some of the phase 1 and phase 2 carvings. After the construction of the cairn the next structural event was the aligning of a Romano-British field boundary on the cairn and probably beyond. The excavation report is followed by a discussion that places the findings in a wider context, including preliminary interpretation of the site in relation to current thinking in British rock art studies.
Author
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Author:
Clive Waddington
Benjamin Johnson
Aron Mazel
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2005
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ADS Archive (ADS Archive)
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Created Date
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Created Date:
30 May 2019