Gates, T. (2009). Excavation of a Late Second/Early First Millennium B.C. Unenclosed Roundhouse at Halls Hill, near East Woodburn, Northumberland. Archaeologia Aeliana Series 5. Vol 38, pp. 43-85. https://doi.org/10.5284/1061206. Cite this via datacite

Title
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Title:
Excavation of a Late Second/Early First Millennium B.C. Unenclosed Roundhouse at Halls Hill, near East Woodburn, Northumberland
Issue
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Issue:
Archaeologia Aeliana Series 5
Series
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Series:
Archaeologia Aeliana
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Volume:
38
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
43 - 85
Downloads
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Downloads:
archael538-043-085-gates.pdf (6 MB) : Download
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ADS, CC-BY 4.0 or CC-BY 4.0 NC.
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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License icon
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
International License
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1061206
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Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
Two seasons of excavations were carried out, during 1981 and 1986. Three trenches were opened, to examine the roundhouse, a 5-m long section of the field boundary where it passed close to the ring bank, and one of the clearance cairns within the field. A single series of context numbers was assigned to structural features and soil layers alike. Specialist reports are provided for soil, wood charcoal, carbonised plant material radiocarbon dates, and a general summary and discussion. The existence of three hillforts and 10 enclosed settlements of stone-built roundhouses around the moorland edge in the general area demonstrate the potential for a sizeable population during the pre-Roman and Roman Iron Age, while other evidence suggests pastoralism as the dominant activity in the uplands around the middle Iron Age. The crop samples from Halls Hill are the first to be recovered from a domestic site of the late Bronze or early Iron Age in the north of England, and include the earliest record of spelt in the region. The structure of the timber roundhouse is of considerable interest and could have important consequences for the understanding of both the structure and appearance of these architecturally sophisticated buildings.
Author
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Author:
Timothy Gates
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2009
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ADS Archive (ADS Archive)
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Created Date
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Created Date:
30 May 2019