Dunwoodie, L., Harward, C. and Pitt, K. (2015). An early Roman fort and urban development on Londinium’s eastern hill. MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology).

Title
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Title:
An early Roman fort and urban development on Londinium’s eastern hill
Number of Pages
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Number of Pages:
260
Biblio Note
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Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Monograph
Abstract
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Abstract:
Excavation in 1997–2003 produced important new evidence for the development of Roman London. The site lay north-east of the bridge, towards the edge of the early town. Sparse commercial and domestic ribbon development here alongside early roads was ended by the Boudican revolt of AD 60/61. The military response is shown by the discovery of a previously unknown Roman military fortification, constructed over and partly out of the destroyed buildings. This is interpreted as part of an earthwork and timber fort, built c AD 63 in the aftermath of the revolt to secure the site of the devastated town and as a base for personnel involved in the reconstruction. The excavation produced a large collection of military artefacts, including plate armour (lorica segmentata), fittings and part of a cavalry helmet. The fort survived until c AD 85, possibly ‘mothballed’ or ‘squatted’ after c AD 70, before it was cleared to make way for civilian domestic and commercial buildings. These were destroyed in the Hadrianic fire of c AD 125 and the redeveloped area was dominated by a substantial masonry townhouse, demonstrating the changing character of the town. The building may have housed a wealthy merchant or provincial official; a cellar contained a hoard of 43 gold aureii concealed in or after AD 174. This complex survived, much modified, into the later 4th century AD.
Author
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Author:
Lesley Dunwoodie
Chiz Harward
Ken Pitt
Publisher
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Publisher:
MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology)
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2015
ISBN
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ISBN:
9781907586323
Subjects / Periods
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Subjects / Periods:
Roman (MIDAS)
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Publisher Feeds (Oxbow)
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URI: http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/an-early-roman-fort-and-urban-development-on-londinium-s-eastern-hill.html
Created Date
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Created Date:
28 Feb 2017