n.a., (1976). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 108. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 108
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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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05 Dec 2008
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Dorothy N Marshall
Isabel D D Taylor
1 - 39
NR 997705. Excavation of this multi-period Clyde cairn revealed a simple axial chamber within a round cairn, to which were added two lateral chambers set in an oval cairn. The whole was then enclosed in a trapezoidal cairn with a straight fa├žade and a forecourt on which fires had been lit before the final blocking. No burials survived, but pottery included Beacharra and Rothesay style vessels. A 14C date was obtained from burnt material beneath a side-slab of the axial chamber. A two-tiered cist, containing an enlarged food vessel, and a medieval corn-drying kiln represent later insertions into the cairn. J G Scott discusses in detail the Rothesay style of Neolithic pottery. A R
Dorothy N Marshall
40 - 72
387 carved stone balls are catalogued and classified according to number of knobs and type of decoration, and 42 decorated balls are illustrated. The 240 examples with known provenances are concentrated in NE Scotland; of the few found in archaeological contexts, those from Skara Brae are the most helpful for dating. Proof of function is lacking. A R
Humphrey G Welfare
73 - 79
NT 035453. A slab-built cist contained a flexed inhumation, two beakers of Clarke's Developed Northern (N2) and Late Northern (N3) groups, and a small flint knife. A R
J B Kenworthy
80 - 93
The provenances and contents are distinguished of two groups of artefacts from Cruden which are commonly confused in archaeological literature. A cist found at Uppermill, Cruden (NK 053370) in 1821 contained partial inhumations of a man and a child, pig bones, a wristguard, seven barbed-and-tanged arrowheads, two flint knives and two beakers of Clarke's Developed Northern (N2) group. The objects found in 1812 at Greenbrae, Cruden (NK 057358) include jet and amber beads and an edge-polished flint axe. A R
Iain A Crawford
94 - 107
NF 872537. An oval corbelled cist was built in a pit cut into earlier Beaker midden deposits and covered by a low mound of sand. The crest of the mound was defined by a circle of stones laid flat to form a kerb. The cist contained one male and two female inhumations, a decorated biconical urn and a possible pendant of limestone. Beyond the kerb were two small cists, one containing a plain pot. AR. See also 80/6721.
Ian A G Shepherd
Alexandra N Tuckwell
108 - 113
NF 873537. Midden deposits of Beaker date on a sand-dune site were found to cover an old land surface containing traces of ploughing and spade cultivation. Asymmetric V-shaped marks were probably made by a crook-ard, and showed evidence of cross-ploughing. Carbonized barley and wheat were recovered from the midden. Limpet samples gave 14C dates early in 2nd millennium bc. AR. See also 80/6762.
Ian A G Shepherd
Trevor G Cowie
114 - 123
NJ 665565. An enlarged food vessel urn containing a multiple cremation deposit (one adult female, one child and one infant) had been inverted on to a stone pavement in a small pit. Grave goods included a stone pendant, a pottery ball decorated with incised concentric circles, and a plano-convex flint knife. A R
Susan M Pearce
124 - 129
NJ 482953. Additional objects from the Glentanar hoard (see 74/2679) include five amber beads. Amber rarely occurs in LBA contexts in N Britain, though it appears to have been more popular in Ireland. A R
Melia E Hedges
130 - 155
HY 302228. A typical Orcadian barrow cemetery consisting of at least ten small mounds, of which four were excavated. They measured 5m-8.5m in diameter, each with a rough stone kerb, and three had cremation burials in central stone cists. Three stone ard-shares were found on the kerb stones. A flat cremation cemetery of thirty-three burials in small pits clustered on the NE perimeter of Knowe 1; some had been deposited before and during the construction of the mound. A thermoluminescence date from burnt stones within Knowe 1 and four 14C determinations from cremation samples gave results in early 1st millennium BC. AR
Christopher J Tabraham
156 - 167
NB 190412. The NE mural chamber contained a thick occupation deposit with layers of ash representing a series of superimposed hearths; the large quantity of pottery suggests secondary use of the chamber for firing pottery. This is of plain ware, including large jars with tall everted rims and occasional applied cordons, datable elsewhere in the Hebrides to 5th-7th centuries AD. A R
Roy W Davies
168 - 173
It is suggested that cohors I Fida Vardullorum was the garrison of Castlecary in Antonine I, when it had a detachment serving elsewhere, and cohors I Tungrorum the Antonine II garrison following the return of its vexillation from Noricum. Cohors I Baetasiorum is proposed as the Antonine I garrison at Bar Hill and the Antonine II garrison at Old Kilpatrick. The altar found in 1969 at Old Kilpatrick may point to the arrival of reinforcements for the army of Britain from the Danube in the early 160s, supporting existing evidence for such moves in the 150s and 160s. RIB 2152 and 2335 may refer to one or two milliary cohorts raised in Britain by Antoninus Pius. D J B
Anna Ritchie
174 - 227
HY 243282. Excavation revealed five superimposed farmsteads and quantities of finds. Phases I-II were Pictish, 7th to early 8th centuries, with a distinctive 'figure-of-eight' shaped house plan in II. Phases III-V had typically Norse house plans, and a final date for occupation is provided by a furnished burial made in the ruins of the Phase V house and dated to third quarter of 10th century. A degree of social integration between Pict and Norseman seems evident. Substantial quantities of data on environment and economy are the subject of specialist reports, and among the small finds are a ring-headed pin, gaming boards, and bone combs and animal-headed pins.
Mark Redknap
228 - 253
NM 287245. Traces of pre-Benedictine activity, including post-holes, demonstrated that 'St Columba's Shrine' preceded the 15th century tower abutting its E end. The 'Shrine' is likely to have been a free-standing chapel, which was later incorporated into the Benedictine plan. Six graves were associated with its use, two containing the remains of wooden coffins. The finds include Iron Age and medieval pottery, a fragment of an inscribed 8th or 9th century grave-slab, and part of a cross-base. Report on skeletal material. A R
Mary Harman
254 - 258
W Norman Robertson
259 - 261
The decoration depicts a seated David with his harp surrounded by animals carved in Pictish style, and the fragment, tongued to fit another grooved member, is likely to be part of the St Andrews tomb-shrine or of a similar work. A R
H Gordon Slade
262 - 299
The main tower (1604-7) compares with the then recently remodelled Fyvie but also has features reminiscent of Borthwick 150 years earlier; it was probably built by the Bell family of masons with modifications for the client (Urquhart). The re-entrant of the entrance front is arched over and painted to resemble a ribbed vault, there is a carved balcony above, and much carved and painted work within. Flanking wings were added in 1747-53, the surviving farm court with its surrounding buildings in 1766-77. The article includes biographies of the Urquhart owners and of various plans for works in the 18th and 19th centuries. D F R
David Stevenson
David H Caldwell
300 - 317
Leather guns were a 17th century experiment in gun manufacture that began in Switzerland and was adopted in Scotland. Their advantage was lightness: a relatively thin metal barrel was tightly wound with rope, wire or cord and encased in leather. Twenty-three such guns exist in Scotland, representing six types, and as a whole are distinguished from other European examples by several special features. James Wemyss in Fife was the principal Scottish maker, and a full discussion of the historical background is provided. A R
David H Caldwell
318 - 323
A V B Norman
324 - 326
W G R Bodie
327 - 331
Angus Graham
332 - 365
J B Kenworthy
366 - 367
J B Kenworthy
367 - 369
M Carson
370 - 375
John W Hedges
376 - 377
Eric Talbot
378 - 379
Catherine M Brooks
George R Haggarty
379 - 382
Three earthenware vessels found in 1829 are reinterpreted as medieval kiln-props, and similar vessels have been recovered from the kiln-site at Colstoun, E Lothian. The type appears to belong to the later 13th and 14th centuries. A R
J L Davidson
384 - 402
403 - 407