n.a., (2010). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 140. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 140
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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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URL: http://www.socantscot.org/publications.asp
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24 Jul 2012
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Alison Sheridan
Rick J Schulting
Rebecca Crozier
Eileen M Murphy
1 - 50
A total of 20 new AMS radiocarbon determinations on human bone have been obtained for the Neolithic chamber tomb of Quanterness, Orkney. The results show poor agreement with the recorded stratigraphy, suggesting extensive mixing of the chamber deposits. A Bayesian model treating all of the determinations as deriving from a single phase of activity provides a start date in the range 3510-3220 cal bc (most probably falling after 3450 cal bc ), with the main phase of burial activity ending in the range 2850-2790 cal bc (95.4% probability). This presents a tighter range than previously available, but nevertheless appears to confirm the longevity of burial activity at the monument.
Alex M Gibson
51 - 77
The interpretation of the sequence at the Balbirnie stone circle and cairn was based largely on stratigraphy and the then-perceived chronology of ceramic styles. An increased radiocarbon database and the facility to date cremated bone have now allowed the sequence at this site to be refined and reinterpreted. The construction of the stone circle can be demonstrated to have begun 1,000 years earlier than originally reported and the stone circle can be shown to have been in use for over 1,500 years. These new data, as well as an increased and growing amount of research on later Neolithic and earlier Bronze Age ritual monuments in Britain as a whole, has further allowed the position of this site within the Balfarg/Balbirnie ritual complex to be reconsidered and as a result it is possible to suggest a revised sequence for the complex.
Murray Cook
79 - 91
This paper presents the results of the excavation of a single keyhole trench at the oblong vitrified fort of Dunnideer, Aberdeenshire, along with a brief history of the study of oblong forts and vitrification. The excavation yielded two radiocarbon dates derived from destruction layers, which are discussed along with the results of a limited programme of archaeomagnetic dating at the same location.
Geoff B Bailey
93 - 103
Accumulated scattered evidence from the defended Roman complexes on the Antonine Wall at Mumrills shows that the early Wall fort occupied the site of the later fort annexe. It is argued that the slight shift in the fort's location arose from a desire to control west/east communications as well as those from the north to the south.
James McMeekin
105 - 128
Archaeologically monitored excavations in the Grassmarket, Edinburgh uncovered diverse remains dating from prehistory to the First World War. The stratigraphic sequence included Middle Bronze Age pits, pre-12th century features and deposits, a series of medieval surfaces, a section of the Flodden Wall and post-medieval building foundations. The pre-12th century features provide rare evidence for understanding Edinburgh's development and are the focus of this article. Assessments of archaeological potential in Scottish medieval towns in general, is also discussed.
Robin Tait
129 - 144
Presented here are the results of a study to assess the potential of urban morphology to make a continuing contribution to the understanding of urban development in the Scottish burghs and to provide helpful input to associated archaeological studies. Use is made of recent cartographically based evidence of the high degree of consistency and stability to be found in the configuration of the burgage plots and foreland lines in Scottish burghs. The case is made that urban morphology still has much to offer in the study of Scottish urban istory and archaeology. In addition, having reviewed recent archaeological reports, it is suggested that archaeology has great potential to provide a strong contribution to the better understanding of the urban morphology of Scotland.
Bruce A McAndrew
145 - 164
Colin Breen
Wes Forsythe
John Raven
Daniel Rhodes
165 - 178
Recent investigations at Dunstaffnage, partially funded by Historic Scotland, have provided additional information regarding the castle's constructional history. Excavations have identified features associated with its initial construction in the 13th century and subsequent refurbishment episodes over the following centuries. Additionally, two medieval lime kilns have been located outside of the castle walls associated with these developments. In the 18th century extensive landscaping took place in the immediate environs of the castle as part of the 'improvement' and redevelopment of the site.
Gordon J Ewart
Dennis B Gallagher
John G Harrison
179 - 206
Excavation at Argyll's Lodging demonstrates the complex development of the present mansion from the early 17th century onwards, including its use as a military hospital. Excavations also took place on the site of the demolished south wing. Analysis of the historical development of the main house shows an expansion of the house and garden during the 17th century, with a later contraction of the property.
Philip Dunshea
207 - 209
211 - 233
235 - 242
243 - 249