Lewis, C. and Ranson, C. (2015). Archaeological Excavations at Clare Castle, Clare, Suffolk, 2013. University of Cambridge: Access Cambridge Archaeology. https://doi.org/10.5284/1045406. Cite this using datacite

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Title:
Archaeological Excavations at Clare Castle, Clare, Suffolk, 2013
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Series:
Access Cambridge Archaeology unpublished report series
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accessca1-213402_1.pdf (2 MB) : Download
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DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1045406
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Report (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
The excavations at Clare Castle in 2013 were funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund through the Managing a Masterpiece scheme. The excavations provided new evidence for the development of the area now occupied by the castle from the prehistoric period onwards.The area appeared not to have been intensively used on the Roman period, when it was probably occupied by fields rather than settlement. No evidence could be identified dating to the 5th - 8th century AD, but confirmed activity of late Anglo-Saxon date included at least one Christian burial and traces of an associated post-and-trench timber building which may have been a church or chapel. A total of five in situ burials pre-dating the 14th century were discovered in the south of the site along with disarticulated remains of others. In the centre of the site, a large cut feature dug as either a quarry pit or a ditch forming part of the entrance to the present inner bailey appears to date to the first phase of castle construction in the later 11th century. Redeposited dumps containing painted glass and decorated floor tile is likely to relate to documented expenditure by Elizabeth de Burgh on the castle in the mid-14th century and indicates a high status building such as hall or chapel was probably sited near the later railway platform. In situ remains of other medieval buildings of clunch or stone, were identified inside the southern perimeter of the inner castle bailey. A trench east of the eastern perimeter of the inner bailey produced no evidence for any medieval garden in this area. Very little pre-modern evidence post-dating the later 14th century was found anywhere on the site, and that which was found appeared mostly to relate to dismantling of buildings in the inner bailey in the 15th / early 16th century. Minimal in situ remains relating to the railway were found.
Author
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Author:
C Lewis
C Ranson
Publisher
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Publisher:
Access Cambridge Archaeology
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Suffolk HER (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2015
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Clare Castle Country Park
County: SUFFOLK
District: ST EDMUNDSBURY
Parish: CLARE
Country: England
Grid Reference: 577107, 245164 (Easting, Northing)
Subjects / Periods
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Subjects / Periods:
ANIMAL BONE (Find) Medieval (GLL)
ANIMAL BONE (Find) Post Medieval (GLL)
FLINT BLADE (Find) Early Neolithic (GLL)
BRICK RUBBLE (Find) Modern (GLL)
BRICK RUBBLE (Find) Post Medieval (GLL)
BURNT STONE (Find) Late Prehistoric (GLL)
FLINT BLADE (Find) Mesolithic (GLL)
FLINT FLAKES (Find) Bronze Age (GLL)
FLINT FLAKES (Find) Neolithic (GLL)
FLINT SCRAPER (Find) Bronze Age (GLL)
FLINT SCRAPER (Find) Early Neolithic (GLL)
GLASS (Find) Medieval (GLL)
HUMAN BONE (Find) Early Medieval (GLL)
METAL WORK (Find) Modern (GLL)
METAL WORK (Find) Post Medieval (GLL)
POTTERY (Find) Early Medieval (GLL)
POTTERY (Find) Iron Age (GLL)
POTTERY (Find) Medieval (GLL)
POTTERY (Find) Modern (GLL)
POTTERY (Find) Post Medieval (GLL)
POTTERY (Find) Roman (GLL)
SHELL (Find) Medieval (GLL)
EARTHERN BANK (Monus) Post Medieval (GLL)
FLINT WALL (Monus) Medieval (GLL)
GRAVES (Monus) Early Medieval (GLL)
LINEAR DITCH (Monus) Roman (GLL)
MORTAR FLOOR (Monus) Medieval (GLL)
PIT (Monus) Medieval (GLL)
POND (Monus) Post Medieval (GLL)
POST HOLES (Monus) Medieval (GLL)
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: accessca1-213402
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Note:
120 pages, A4, comb bound
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OASIS (OASIS)
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Created Date
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Created Date:
02 Feb 2018
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