Children, G. and Priestley, S. (2008). Shobdon Mains Refurbishment Scheme Report on the Archaeological Excavation of Engineering Access Pits at Leen Farm Pembridge Herefordshire. Border Archaeology. https://doi.org/10.5284/1050304. Cite this using datacite

Title
Title
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Title:
Shobdon Mains Refurbishment Scheme Report on the Archaeological Excavation of Engineering Access Pits at Leen Farm Pembridge Herefordshire
Series
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Series:
Border Archaeology unpublished report series
Downloads
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Downloads:
borderar1-329710_1.pdf (6 MB) : Download
Licence Type
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ADS, CC-BY 4.0 or CC-BY 4.0 NC.
Licence Type:
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License icon
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
International License
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1050304
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
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Abstract:
Border Archaeology carried out a series of 18 access pit excavations in advance of drilling operations along an approximately 1.6km WNW/ESE section of the Shobdon Mains Refurbishment Scheme water pipeline route. The route crossed fields on the N side of the Arrow Valley floodplain, parallel with the unclassified road between Pembridge and Staunton on Arrow, and extended beneath the Rowe Ditch, a prominent post-Roman feature within this part of the Arrow Valley. Immediately to the east of the Rowe Ditch, the excavations revealed a series of ditches and pits containing evidence of settlement activity apparently linked to an Iron Age / Romano-British farmstead situated approximately 120m to the north. On the opposite side of the Ditch, part of a single ditch circuit was revealed relating to a sub-circular enclosure, which had been previously identified from aerial reconnaissance as a Neolithic henge, a monument type dating from the third millennium BC and generally comprising a bank and internal ditch. This enclosure ditch was exposed at two points along its circuit and evidence of eroded bank material was found within the ditch. It appears that the enclosure ditch was later incorporated into the farmstead complex, when it seems a fence or palisade was erected and subsequently removed. Roman pottery was found within the packing material associated with this fence/palisade. A programme of geoarchaeological recording was also carried out, the results of which suggest that archaeological activity is likely to concentrate on and around 'gravel islands' concealed beneath the relatively level alluviated landscape and not readily recordable by normal archaeological reconnaissance. These islands represent undulations in the gravel palaeo-surface, which occurs at variable depths of between 0.31 and 1.02m.
Author
Author
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Author:
G Children
S Priestley
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
Border Archaeology
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Herefordshire HER (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2008
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Shobdon Mains Refurbishment Scheme Leen Farm
County: HEREFORDSHIRE
District: HEREFORDSHIRE
Parish: PEMBRIDGE
Country: England
Grid Reference: 337400, 259640 (Easting, Northing)
Grid Reference: 338890, 259190 (Easting, Northing)
Subjects / Periods
Subjects / Periods
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Subjects / Periods:
AMPHORA (Find) Roman (GLL)
BOWL (Find) Roman (GLL)
BRICK (Find) Roman (GLL)
FLAGON (Find) Roman (GLL)
GLOBULAR JAR (Find) Roman (GLL)
JAR (Find) Roman (GLL)
BOUNDARY DITCH (Monus) Early Medieval (GLL)
DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Monus) Neolithic (GLL)
DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Monus) Roman (GLL)
FARMSTEAD (Monus) Late Iron Age (GLL)
FARMSTEAD (Monus) Roman (GLL)
HENGE (Monus) Neolithic (GLL)
PALISADE (Monus) Roman (GLL)
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: borderar1-329710
OBIB: BA0811LORDD
Note
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Note:
Bound full-colour report in A4, 72 pages.
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Source icon
OASIS (OASIS)
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Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
31 Jan 2019
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