Series: Britannia Monograph series

Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies
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Emma E Durham
Michael Fulford
This report publishes the 1937–8 excavations in Colliton Park, Dorchester, Dorset, which revealed one of the best preserved late Roman town houses so far discovered in Roman Britain. Extensively decorated with mosaics, the building has recently been re-displayed in a new cover building by Dorset County Council. In addition to the town house and its mosaics, the report publishes the surrounding buildings in the north-west quarter of the town, also mostly of late Roman date, and associated occupation along with an extensive collection of artefacts, including outstanding finds of coins, glass, iron and Kimmeridge shale.
Ian M Stead
Valery Rigby
Large-scale excavations revealed an extensive Iron Age settlement and small RB town in Herts from c 50 BC to AD 450. An important La Tène III tomb is among the furnished burials. British coins, Gallo-Belgic and other imported Gaulish pottery, local trading networks, animal bones, small finds.
Susan M Wright
Philip A Rahtz
Sue Hirst
This monograph presents a cemetery of over 500 burials of the 3rd to 8th centuries AD, and is key evidence for the population of Somerset in the period of transition from Roman to Anglo-Saxon times. A wide range of artefacts, including pottery, glass and metalwork, is representative of the Roman, western British and Anglo-Saxon elements in the cultural mix of the burying population. There are major sections on the character and development of the cemetery and on the human biology
Peter A Yeoman
J Terry
Keith Speller
William S Hanson
Elginhaugh is the most completely excavated timber-built auxiliary fort in the Roman Empire. This report provides an assessment of all the structures, with particular emphasis on the identification of stable-barracks and the implications for the identification of garrisons based on fort plans, while extensive examination of the annexe makes a substantial contribution to the debate about the function of these attached enclosures. Because the occupation is so closely dated (AD 79–87), the site provides a very precise dating horizon for the wide range of artefactual material reported on. Of particular importance is the evidence for the local manufacture of coarseware and mortaria, including the identification of a new mortarium potter. An extensive programme of environmental analysis provides insight into issues of local environment and food supply. Finally, there is unique evidence that the site continued to function as a collection centre for animals after the garrison had departed
P J Leach
In 1990 rescue excavations by the University of Birmingham, funded jointly by Showerings Ltd and English Heritage, revealed over 2 ha. of a Romano-British roadside settlement beside the Fosse Way in Somerset. Fosse Lane can now take its place among the better known of the smaller towns and roadside settlements of Roman Britain. The excavations revealed evidence for a typical, agricultural and minor industrial centre, developing from the end of the 1st century AD and with its floruit in the 4th. Streets, plot layouts, plans of both timber-frame and stone buildings, and several small cemeteries were revealed, including one possibly Christian burial group
Lynn F Pitts
J K St Joseph
Recension of Sir Ian Richmond's excavations with St Joseph of the Agricolan fortress occupied AD 83-6. Includes 'redoubt' and 'officers' temporary compound', 49-acre construction camp and stone quarry site as well as the fortress; all discussed in context of Roman Scotland. Specialist reports.
Jane R Timby
Michael Fulford
Amanda Clarke
N Pankhurst
Emma E Durham
Michael Fulford
The late Iron Age oppidum of Calleva underlies the Roman town at Silchester. Excavation (1997–2014) of a large area (0.3 ha) of Insula IX revealed evidence of a rectilinear, NE/SW–NW/SE-oriented layout of the interior of the oppidum, dating from 20/10 B.C., with the remains of the larger part of one compound separated from its neighbours by fenced trackways. Within the compound was a large, 47.5 m long hall surrounded by smaller rectangular buildings associated with groups of rubbish pits. A concluding discussion characterises the oppidum, integrating and contextualising a series of major contributions reporting the pre-conquest finds and environmental evidence with the structural story.
Henry Owen-John
A G Marvell
Martyn G Allen
Michael Fulford
Lisa Lodwick
Anna Rohnbogner
Tom Brindle
Alexander T Smith
This volume focuses upon the people of rural Roman Britain – how they looked, lived, interacted with the material and spiritual worlds surrounding them, and also how they died, and what their physical remains can tell us. Analyses indicate a geographically and socially diverse society, influenced by pre-existing cultural traditions and varying degrees of social connectivity. Incorporation into the Roman Empire certainly brought with it a great deal of social change, though contrary to many previous accounts depicting bucolic scenes of villa-life, it would appear that this change was largely to the detriment of many of those living in the countryside.
Hella Eckardt
Amanda Clarke
Michael Fulford
Edward Besly
Nina Crummy
The Society of Antiquaries’ excavation of Silchester’s insula ix in 1893-4 left most of the stratigraphy undisturbed. A new programme of work has shown that the insula underwent radical change, c. AD 250/300, with the construction of new, workshop and residential buildings on the orientation of the Roman street-grid, following the demolition of mid-Roman buildings arranged on different, pre- and early Roman alignments. The plans of several properties and individual buildings were recovered and analysis of the rich range of artefactual and biological data has allowed a detailed and differentiated characterisation of the life and occupations of the inhabitants in the fourth century. The context of the 5th century ogham-inscribed stone is explored and the history of the insula is followed into the 5th/6th century.
Geoffrey B Dannell
John Peter Wild
Malcolm Todd
'The past thirty years have witnessed an extraordinary outpouring of work on Roman Britain' (ed's preface), some themes of which are explored by sixteen contributors who illustrate the changing pattern of research objectives in the period under review. The scene is set by Colin Haselgrove (pp 1-18), 'The Later Iron Age in southern Britain and beyond', while Valerie A Maxfield (19-29) deals with 'Conquest and aftermath'. 'The Flavian and Trajanic northern frontier' is Charles Daniels's topic (31-5), followed by David J Breeze (37-60) on 'The northern frontiers' and Lawrence Keppie (61-73) looking 'Beyond the northern frontier: Roman and native in Scotland'. Malcolm Todd (75-89) treats 'The early cities' while John Wacher (91-114) takes 'Cities from the 2nd to 4th centuries'. David Miles (115-26) discusses 'The Romano-British countryside', while 'Agriculture in Roman Britain: the dynamics of change' is examined by Martin Jones (127-34), and 'Animals in Roman Britain' are taken by Annie Grant (135-46). T W Potter (147-73) offers 'The Roman Fenland: a review of recent work', and Michael Fulford (175-201) discusses 'The economy of Roman Britain'. T F C Blagg (203-17) considers 'Art and architecture' and Martin Henig (219-34) 'Religion in Roman Britain'. For the 4th century, Simon Esmonde Cleary (235-44) looks at 'Constantine I to Constantine III'. J J Wilkes closes the volume with 'A prospect of Roman Britain' (245-50), and there is a select bibliography for 1960-88 (25 1-65).
Heather F James
This is the first detailed publication on Roman Carmarthen, Moridunum, tribal capital of the Demetae of West Wales. It covers seven excavations carried out by the Dyfed Archaeological Trust between 1978 and 1993. Small rescue excavations located the Roman auxiliary fort west of the later town. The largest site at Priory Street encompassed the intersection of two Roman streets, flanked by a sequence of buildings (early 2nd to late 4th century) with evidence of smithing and baking. Important evidence was produced on the processes of laying out a Roman town. A substantial building, possibly a mansio, on the south side of the town was also sampled. The finds assemblages are valuable for comparison with other towns and especially in the context of the supposedly lightly romanised hinterland. The numerous illustrations include splendid reconstruction drawings by Neil Ludlow
Lawrence J F Keppie
The Hunterian Museum's collection includes almost all the distance slabs, which commemorated the construction of the Antonine Wall between Forth and Clyde in AD 142, together with building-records from forts, altars, gravestones, sculptures and architectural pieces. The use of unpublished archival material results in a fascinating account of antiquarian enthusiasms. Some 80 individual stones are catalogued, and the overall content of the collection is assessed. The monograph is extensively illustrated with line drawings and photographs.
David S Neal
The introduction outlines the various schools of mosaics, the construction methods, the use of 'nets' in design. Geometric schemes are discussed, and then follows a catalogue of 87 mosaics (mainly those found after 1959) and drawings at 1/10 scale. The drawings are primarily records of surviving patterned pieces, but are also reconstructed to show basic schemes. Colour photographs on microfiches.
Mark Corney
Michael Fulford
John Creighton
R Fry
This volume draws together for the first time all the fieldwork known to have taken place at Silchester from the earliest located trenches in the 1720s up until the modern campaigns of Fulford. It integrates this work with a new geophysical survey of 217ha to provide a new overarching narrative for the town. The volume starts with a historiography of work on the city from the earliest antiquarian investigations. This sense of changing interpretations of the site permeates all the later discussion, showing how new discoveries have transformed understandings. The core of the volume contains the empirical data, mapping the past excavations alongside evidence from aerial photography, fieldwalking, LiDAR and geophysics. The final sections provide essays in interpretation, with thematic reviews of: the defences; the development of the oppidum; the military connection; the mortuary landscape; trade and industry; and public entertainment. Finally a narrative overview examines how the town’s remains have been interpreted within an historical setting.
Amanda Clarke
Michael Fulford
Characterising urban life, City in Transition is the second volume reporting on the archaeology of the continuing excavation of Silchester Insula IX, taking the story down to the early second century. In describing the evidence for the occupation of the second and third centuries it follows on from Life and Labour in Late Roman Silchester (2006), which published the late Roman occupation. Geochemical and micromorphological analyses inform the interpretation of the use of space within buildings and, together with the study of an abundant material culture and environmental record, provide a rich characterisation of the houses and their occupants. The report sheds important light on the urban condition, debating such themes as population density, status, occupation, diet and domestic ritual.
Clive Partridge
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