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Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (2017) The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1000184

MONOGRAPHS OF THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND

Society Of Antiquaries Of Scotland Edinburgh 1994
Monograph Series Number 9

HOWE

FOUR MILLENNIA OF ORKNEY PREHISTORY EXCAVATIONS 1978-1982

Editor Beverley Ballin Smith

with
Stephen Carter, David Haigh & Nigel Neil

and
D. Bramwell, Camilla Dickson, Julian Henderson, A. Kimble Howard, Alison Locker, Daphne Home Lorimer, J.G. Mcdonnell, Andrewina Ross, Alexandra Shepherd & Catherine Smith

and contributions by
P.L. Armitage, Juliet Clutton-Brock, the late Geoffrey Collins, Josephine Constantine, G.S. Cowles, David M. Ferguson, C.J.O. Harrison, the late Richard Hattatt, Martin Henig, the late G.W.I. Hodgson & Tim Holden

illustration and photography
Michael Brooks, Frank Moran & Alex Rigg

CONTENTS

Preliminaries

Acknowledgements

List of contributors to the volume

Editorial note

List of illustrations

List of tables

Contents of the microfiche section

1 Introduction

1.1 The history and setting of Howe

1.2 The excavation

1.3 The report

1.4mf Phased layer list

2 The Neolithic

2.1 The structural evidence • Phases 1 & 2

2.1.1 Phase 1 • the earliest evidence

2.1.2 Phase 2 • the Maeshowe-type tomb

2.2 Discussion

3 The Early Iron Age settlement • development to roundhouse and broch

3.1 The structural evidence • Phases 3-6

3.1.1 Phase 3 • the earliest Iron Age evidence

3.1.2 Phase 4 • development of the enclosed settlement

3.1.3 Phase 5 • the roundhouse settlement

3.1.4 Phase 5/6

3.1.5 Phase 6 • the early broch

3.2 Discussion

4 The Middle Iron Age broch and settlement

4.1 The structural evidence • Phase 7

4.1.1 Early Phase 7

4.1.2 Later Phase 7

4.1.3 Phase 7/8

4.2 Discussion

5 The Later Iron Age farmstead

5.1 The structural evidence • Phase 8

5.1.1 Early Phase 8

5.1.2 Later Phase 8

5.2 Discussion

6 Later activity: post abandonment

7 The environmental evidence

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Plant remains
Camilla Dickson

7.2.1mf pollen and plant tables

7.3 Animal bone
Catherine Smith

7.3.1mf animal bone tables

7.4 Bird remains
Don Bramwell

7.4.1mf bird bone table

7.5 Fish
Alison Locker

7.6 Marine mollusca
Kimble Howard

7.7 Non-marine mollusca
Stephen Carter

8 The Material culture

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Bone artefacts
with Josephine Constantine

8.2.1mf bone artefact catalogue

8.3. Stone artefacts
with the late Geoffrey Collins

8.3.1mf stone artefact catalogue

8.4 Pumice

8.4.1mf pumice catalogue

8.5 Flint and chert
Daphne Home Lorimer

8.5.1mf flint and chert catalogue

8.6 Metal artefacts

8.6.1mf metal artefact catalogue

8.7 Slag
JG McDonnell with a note by David Ferguson

8.7.1mf slag distribution and analyses tables

8.8 Glass
Julian Henderson

8.8.1mf glass catalogue and table

8.9 Pottery
Andrewina Ross

8.9.1mf pottery tables

8.10 Other fired clay

8.10.1mf catalogue of other fired clay and unfired clay and mortar

8.11 Finds of the 19th century

8.11.1mf catalogue of 19th century finds

9 The human remains
Daphne Home Lorimer

9.1mf Human bone analysis

10 The radiocarbon dates
Stephen Carter

11 Discussion and appraisal

11.1 Howe: a review of the sequence
Alexandra Shepherd

11.2 Postscript

References

Index