G. L Good, ed., (1991). Waterfront archaeology:. York: Council for British Archaeology.

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Waterfront archaeology:
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proceedings of the third international conference on waterfront archaeology held at Bristol 23--26 September 1988
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Council for British Archaeology Research Reports
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cba_rr_074.pdf (20 MB) : Download
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Papers from the conference on a wide variety of themes, considering aspects either not previously covered in detail or needing further exposure, particularly the effects of sea-level change, fishing, waterfront trades and industries, and the use of waterfront buildings. Includes
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G L Good
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G L Good
R H Jones
Michael Ponsford
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Council for British Archaeology
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The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB)
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URL: http://new.archaeologyuk.org/full-list-of-publications
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21 Apr 2005
Chapter Title Sort Order Both Arrows Access Type Author / Editor Page
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Brian S Ayers
1 - 8
combines archaeological and historical evidence with regard to industrial activity along the river Wensum from the Saxon period, and discusses industries beside the river and of the river as well as those which used the river. Identifiable industries include tanning, skinning, dyeing and fulling. The river gravels were exploited for small-scale ironworking. Placename and documentary evidence is used to suggest the location of various industries
Geoff Egan
9 - 18
the published sequence of land reclamation at Trig Lane is compared with the wider picture of riverside development established from excavations at other waterfront sites in London. Industrial evidence from along the London waterfront of a series of late-medieval to nineteenth-century dye houses reflects the important trade in cloths dyed in London. Archaeological and documentary evidence demonstrate the continuation of textile finishing in the Swan Lane area for upwards of half a millennium
R H Jones
19 - 26
excavation of various waterfront features within an important medieval settlement revealed complex reclamation works in the harbour area, the nature of waterfront development being largely dictated by the very high tidal range of the river Severn and the difficulty of navigation. Archaeobotanical evidence of silting and pollution problems from refuse is supported by a series of ordinances relating to refuse disposal. Shipbuilding was a major medieval and post-medieval industry and evidence for tanning, fulling, horn- and clothworking, and soapmaking is recorded
P W Elkin
27 - 35
discusses the importance of Bristol's old harbour in relation to its location on the river Avon and the peculiar difficulties presented by its topography. Methods of navigating the channel and the perils involved are described. Mercantile trade declined during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and attempts to revitalise the docks during this period are discussed from historical sources. Current efforts to preserve and record sites in the dock area are described
Charlotte O'Brien
36 - 42
considers Newcastle mostly in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries and its position on the river Tyne, in terms of its institutions and infrastructure; its competitive position in relation to other interests on the river; the trade in which it engaged; and the effects of changing conditions after the onset of the Scottish Wars in 1296
Robin Daniels
43 - 50
excavations have revealed a sequence of dock structures; the docks were constructed in the twelfth century and additions, repairs and land reclamation continued into the fourteenth century when a new dock was built further into the harbour. The docks were designed to handle coastal trade. Fishing was important part of the town's economy throughout its history. Sever economic decline after the fifteenth century was reversed in the Victorian period with the building of docks and the railway
Ian Horsey
51 - 53
account of the development of the quay area of Poole, from a probable timber quay suggested by documentary sources in the sixteenth century via its replacement by a stone quay, probably later that century, and the construction of a new quay in 1618. Remains of another quay area have been excavated to the south and at the Poole Foundry site a jetty of oak piles and chalk blocks was recorded. Stacks of oak timbers representing a boatyard's store, c. 1500, were found, some of them having been salvaged from boats. Documentary evidence points to trade to France and the Channel Islands
D P Bowler
54 - 59
three harbour sites are known from Perth, the earliest originating in the twelfth century and remaining in use until the nineteenth. Excavation has confirmed the position of the second, the New Haven, begun in the sixteenth century. The construction sequence for the main quay and harbour wall was examined. The robbed remains of two successive harbour walls were recovered and a comparison of eighteenth-century maps confirmed that the quay had been altered some time between 1715 and 1774
Vince A Russett
60 - 66
discusses the use of the rivers, the course and flow of which have been substantially altered by major engineering works, and the life of Somerset's ports. These include a number of small, mainly landlocked, ports although Bridgwater and Minehead achieved some status in the later medieval period. The ports of each of the major rivers are discussed, with emphasis on the river Axe. Place-name evidence for the location of other small rural landing-places is examined and the nature of possible archaeological remains described
C R Salisbury
76 - 87
presents a summary account of a number of fish-weirs, bank revetments and a mill-dam of Neolithic, Saxon and medieval date recorded from a small stretch of the river Trent. The different structures are described and compared with examples elsewhere in Britain and Europe. The types and location of weirs are seen to be partly related to the nature of the river bed and flow of the river. Gravel quarrying at Hemington Fields has allowed a plan of ancient river channels to be made and revealed remains of several weirs
John M Steane
Martin Foreman
88 - 101
provides a summary of fish catching methods in medieval England; the principal methods and associated tackle are described with archaeological examples. Distinct regional fishing traditions are identified, and the technology employed in coastal fishing is different again. Small-scale, local fishing was gradually replaced by large-scale fleet fishing in the late medieval period, accompanied by curing and salting processes
Ian Horsey
Jessica Winder
102 - 104
substantial middens were partly excavated at three sites where they could be seen to pre-date the town, and to have provided a foundation for the thirteenth-century wool house. An estimate is given of the amount of oyster meat represented and methods for dating the material are discussed. The size of the middens and lack of other food remains incorporated in them might suggest commercial harvesting
Damian M Goodburn
105 - 115
interim discussion on the evidence for shipwrightry from recent excavation of boat and ship timbers from the London waterfront area. The fragmentary finds from four sites are described. The tools and techniques of boatbuilding evidenced or implied by these finds are discussed
Gustav Milne
116 - 120
reviews evidence from the medieval London waterfront for the characteristics of vernacular carpentry of particular periods, as recorded in well-preserved timber structures. The date and manner of the introduction of fully framed buildings to London is examined as an example of the wide-reaching implications of such studies
C E Brown
121 - 123
the problems of handling and conserving waterlogged wood after removal from primary archaeological contexts are discussed. Problems of lack of facilities, selective conservation, storage, and methods of temporary conservation on site and long term conservation in the laboratory are discussed
C G Henderson
124 - 136
excavation has revealed evidence for a number of successive quays and warehouses from the 1560s, following the building of the Exeter Canal, to the mid-eighteenth century. The paper examines the sequence of development of the Exeter waterfront
Geoff Potter
137 - 149
recent excavation revealed the structure of the medieval bridge together with associated waterfronts. The paper details the sequence of construction and repair phases from the earliest documentary references to the bridge in the late-twelfth and thirteenth centuries through to its final replacement in the early-nineteenth century
Prince Chitwood
169 - 176
Presents a summary of information from sites excavated around the Brayford Pool. Environmental evidence shows that, in the later prehistoric and Romano-British periods, Lincoln lay near the head of an estuary. From the Roman to the later medieval period the flow of water through the Pool was alternately slow and almost stagnant, and faster, indicating periodic human interference with the channel upstream. Roman and Saxon waterfront structures consist of fences and fish-weirs but there was no well-defined port area until the thirteenth century. Excavations at Waterside North revealed a series of fences, a possible stone pier or slipway and a small jetty but no sequence of successive waterfronts
Richard A Hall
177 - 184
discusses the succession of waterfronts from the Roman period, when the erection of grain storage buildings reflects the presence of the Ninth Legion, to post-medieval times, including the possible location of the eighth- to ninth-century wic at Fishergate; evidence for Anglo-Scandinavian river frontages; the later history of the Foss and King's Fishpool; reclamation of the Ouse banks with river walls in the fifteenth century; York's role as a berth for international traders prior to the development of Hull; and the role of York's religious houses in the development of the waterfront