L. J F Keppie, ed., (2003). Britannia 34. Malet Street: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies.

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Britannia 34
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Lawrence J F Keppie
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Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies
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The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB)
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04 Mar 2004
Article Title Sort Order no arrows Access Type Author / Editor Page
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David J Breeze
1 - 18
The article looks at the history of Wall studies, starting in 1848 with the author of the Handbook to the Roman Wall and considering his influence on subsequent scholars. The article reviews the later contributions of R G Collingwood, J P Gibson, F G Simpson, Ian Richmond and Eric Birley; their different perceptions of the role of excavation; and their different approaches to research. The author concludes by commenting on the current state of research on Hadrian's Wall and its place in Roman frontier studies, and suggesting that a wider framework of study is needed.
Duncan B Campbell
19 - 33
A review of the evidence concerning the Roman camps and other fortifications at Burnswark and theories concerning a possible siege of the hill. The author presents the arguments which have been put forward with respect to the various archaeological features in the light of Roman military practices elsewhere, and analyses their viability, concluding that the remains are more likely to be those of a genuine siege than of a training exercise.
Malcolm Todd
35 - 40
The history and administration of the bequest made by Francis Haverfield for the support of research on Roman Britain, and in particular its influence on the recording of Roman inscriptions in Britain.
R S O Tomlin
41 - 51
Description of, and commentary on, the text of a late-first-century AD stilus-tablet found during excavation at 1 Poultry in the City of London in 1994. The text, which is transcribed and translated, is part of the deed of sale of a female slave, Fortunata. The purchaser, Vegetus, an imperial slave and Roman official, is discussed along with details of the transaction and comparable data from texts found elsewhere.
C Johns
53 - 63
Discussion of the evidence concerning domestic cats in Gallo-Roman sculpture, with particular reference to a tombstone found in Bordeaux. The animal depicted was previously thought to have been a cat but is identified by the author as a small dog. The author goes on to consider other artefactual and archaeological evidence concerning cats in the Roman provinces, including Britain.
Chris Gosden
Gary Lock
65 - 80
An exploration of continuity and change at the site of an early Romano-British villa-house situated within an Iron Age enclosure. The Late Bronze Age and Iron Age features of the site are considered and the villa-house remains are described in detail. The location of features from each phase of occupation indicated awareness and incorporation of earlier features. The Romano-British remains and possible socio-economic models are considered in relation to the evidence of contemporaneous settlements and agricultural activity in the area, and the authors look at the strategic choices involved in balancing links with both old and new.
Ben Croxford
81 - 95
The author examines the evidence concerning destruction of Romano-British cult statuary in late Roman Britain, arguing that some body-parts are over-represented in the surviving material and suggesting that they continued to have an inherent value. The arguments in favour of Christian iconoclasm are questioned, and the alternative idea put forward that the fragments were treated as religious amulets or objects of veneration during a period of great change.
Dominic Perring
97 - 127
An examination of the iconography of the fourth-century mosaics, as recorded by Samuel Lysons, considers the juxtaposition of Christian and Pagan elements in relation to the intellectual context and symbolism of the period. Referring to Gnostic and Orphic worship, the author argues that the images describe a quest, based in dualistic belief, for victory of the soul over death. This quest is illustrated in the three separate sections of the main room. The other parts of the house, so far as they are known, are also considered with reference to Gnostic ritual, in particular to baptism and the bridal chamber. Comparisons are made with the iconography of mosaics at Lullingstone, Cirencester, Hinton St Mary and elsewhere, and of silver and pewter vessels of the period, and the historical context of religious belief and philosophy is described.
J R L Allen
E J Rose
Michael G Fullford
129 - 141
An examination of grey quartzite stone found in the fabric of twelve churches in the Reedham district reviews possible explanations for its presence and suggests that the re-use of stone from a substantial Roman building or buildings nearby is the most likely reason. The character and date of this hypothetical building are considered, along with its relationship to other Roman structures in the area.
Ruth Shaffrey
143 - 174
Analysis of the lithology, typology and chronology of a collection of seventy-nine rotary querns. The reasons for changes in the sources of stone are considered, as well as the implications for the organisation of food supply. The author also looks at the case for, and contexts of, deliberate deposition of complete quern stones. Includes
165 - 171
catalogue of quern stones and fragments in the Silchester collection
Christopher Evans
175 - 264
Report of the survey, sampling and limited excavation of a multi-period settlement site, focussing on the substantial evidence from the Late Iron Age and Roman periods. Material collected informally at the site prior to the survey is also incorporated. Features included the remains of a substantial Roman aisled stone building; pits containing Iron Age wares; post-holes, and several boundary ditches. Charred cereal grains and waste were present in environmental samples but not in any large quantity; however the remains of wetland plants and freshwater molluscs indicated the presence of standing water in the area. Pollen samples indicated grassland and open ground, but there was no evidence of arable activity. Although cow, sheep and a small quantity of pig bones were found, most bone was unattributable to a firmly dated context. The site's significance in relation to that of Stonea nearby; Icenian and other Late Iron Age influences; possible military or trade connections during the early Roman period; and its place in the Roman landscape are considered. Reports include:
G Lucas
188 - 191
analysis of the pottery recovered revealed an unusually high proportion of samian ware
Amanda Chadburn
213 - 216
description of seventeen silver and copper-alloy coins found at or near the site, most of which were identified as Iceni or Trinovantes/Catuvellauni. The seven recovered during the investigations are described in detail
Richard Reece
216 - 219
103 silver and copper-alloy coins recovered from the investigations are described and analysed, showing that a high proportion (over 40%) date from the period before and shortly after the Conquest
J D Hill
G Lucas
219 - 225
examination of pottery from the main excavation area and test stations revealed a large assemblage of wheel-made Late Iron Age tradition pottery; parts of five Butt Beakers; and an `Icenian' rusticated jar
Brenda Dickinson
from three samian vessels
Donald F Mackreth
226 - 239
a total of fifty-seven brooches, from the investigations and from metal-detecting in the vicinity of the site, are described
Colin Haselgrove
239 - 242
the assemblage is analysed in comparison with other sites in Eastern England
Andrew Challands
242 - 248
descriptions include twenty-three copper-alloy items, including dress accessories and a key; copper-alloy casting debris; five iron and seven lead items of Roman attribution, including another key; and four items from Chatteris Museum found in the area
Jean Bagnall Smith
Martin Henig
K Trott
265 - 268
Description of an incomplete cast bronze male head, approximately 25mm in height, found during field-walking.
Matthaus Heil
268 - 271
Discussion on the significance of certain dates for the Imperial family in relation to campaigns in Britain and elsewhere, as revealed by the accounts of a temple at Arsinoe, Egypt.
J G F Hind
272 - 274
Discussion of the sea-shell collecting episode linked to the aborted invasion of Britain in AD 40.
C Johns
Philip J Wise
274 - 276
Description of a small, possibly amuletic, pendant found at Braintree, Essex.
Richard Reece
276 - 280
Discussion of the location of the Roman town in relation to the alignments of the Fosse Way and of Ermin Street, and the two rivers feeding into the area.
Giles Standing
281 - 288
Description and discussion of seven inscriptions from locations across the Roman Empire relating to cult dedications associated with the conquest of Britain in AD 43.
Roger J A Wilson
288 - 291
Alternative reconstruction of the damaged inscription accompanying the panel in question.
Barry C Burnham
Fraser Hunter
Andrew P Fitzpatrick
M W C Hassall
R S O Tomlin
293 - 382
Presents notes on fieldwork projects undertaken at Roman sites around the country during 2002. Sites are listed by region, then alphabetically by county (or unitary authority). Also features a report on Roman inscriptions recovered in Britain.