n.a., (1969). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 102. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 102
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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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05 Dec 2008
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John Mercer
1 - 30
NR 643868. 4424 flint artefacts were collected from the tidal zone of Lussa Bay, of which 1064 were identifiable; the assemblage is dominated by blades, flakes partly backed with cortex, cores, scrapers and leaf-shaped flakes, but includes microliths and microburins. Comparison with the collection from Lealt Bay, Jura, indicates that the majority of the Lussa Bay material is earlier and belongs to the Boreal-Atlantic transition (c 5500 BC); an ancestry in the mainland British Upper Palaeolithic is argued. There is also a separate Late Atlantic (Neolithic) phase of activity. A R
J N Graham Ritchie
31 - 55
NM 929363. Excavation of a multi-period chambered cairn showed the passage-grave to be secondary to the simple closed chamber but shed no light on the morphological relationship between the two. The closed chamber was covered by a circular cairn which had been extended into an oval cairn when the passage-grave was built on to its perimeter. No dating evidence was found for the earlier tomb. Two phases of use were distinguished in the passage-grave, the first associated with Neolithic pottery (including Beacharra ware) and a plano-convex flint knife, and the second associated with the final blocking and with Beaker pottery, flints and jet disc beads. Beaker pottery found elsewhere in Lorn, Mull and N Argyll is discussed and catalogued. A R
H Aubrey W Burl
56 - 81
An analysis of the structural features and artefacts associated with the recumbent stone circles (RSCs) of NE Scotland (74 certain and 18 probable examples). An origin in the Clava-cairn tradition of Inverness-shire is most likely, with the main activity between 1800 and 1400 BC. Analysis of the occurrence of nine early and eight late features indicates a primary area of RSC development around Insch (Aberdeenshire), from which the small stone circles and four-posters of Perthshire were later derived. The azimuths of RSCs show a consistent but astronomically meaningless pattern of solar orientation, and despite the frequency of associated burials a primarily sepulchral function cannot be proved. A R
L M Maclagan Wedderburn
82 - 86
John M Coles
Joan J Taylor
87 - 100
NH 991623. Two midden deposits were separated by sterile sandblow. Midden 1, 14C-dated in 13th century bc, yielded seeds of wild plants, and analysis of the shellfish and animal bones in both middens suggests that occupation of the site was temporary and based on domesticated animals, with some consumption of shellfish. Midden 1 contained local Flat-Rimmed ware, noticeably different from the Covesea variety, and reinforcing the impression that this class of pottery cannot be used for dating since it spans the 3rd to the 1st millennia BC. AR
Jean E Ward
101 - 104
Morna Simpson
105 - 108
David J Breeze
Brian Dobson
109 - 121
Examination and comparison of the designs of Hadrian's Wall and the Antonine Wall indicates the extent to which the Antonine planners benefited from the experience gained on the earlier frontier. In contrast to Hadrian's Wall, the Antonine Wall was built with a minimum of alterations, with significant differences in design, and with greater flexibility. This experience in turn influenced the 3rd-century modifications to Hadrian's Wall. Neither wall was totally successful because each was built in the wrong place; the answer would have been a frontier along the Cheviot line. A R
David J Breeze
122 - 128
A D S MacDonald
Lloyd R Laing
129 - 145
Literary and archaeological evidence is collected together for 30 early ecclesiastical sites in Scotland north of Tay. A Pictish symbol stone from Navidale (Sutherland), a fragmentary cross-shaft from Kirkmuirhill (Lanarkshire) and a cross-slab from Dull (Perthshire) are described and discussed.
Lloyd R Laing
W Norman Robertson
146 - 154
Sherds from 13 sites bring the total of known provenances in Scotland of Scarborough ware to 19, mostly in eastern coastal areas. Sherds of face-mask jugs have been found on 20 sites and kilns for their manufacture are known at Stenhouse near Falkirk and at Colstoun in E Lothian. Scottish face-mask jugs are divided into three types dating from the late 13th-16th centuries. Evidence is accumulating for a direct east coast pottery trade between Scotland and Yorkshire during the late 13th and early 14th centuries AD. AR See also L R Laing in Proc Soc Antiq Scot, 103, 1970-71 (1974), 169-77, for medieval pottery in Dundee Museum.
D J Turner
John G Dunbar
155 - 187
[NM 160358]. To an early 15th century tower-house was added a courtyard enclosed by a crenellated curtain-wall and containing a single-storey hall. Major alterations in the late 16th and 17th centuries included the construction of an artillery defence, and in the later 17th century the hall was replaced by a three-storeyed dwelling-house. The same designer may have been responsible for the initial lay-out of both Breachacha and Kiessiemul on Barra. Cattle and sheep bones underline the argument against the "autumn killing" myth. Hebridean Craggan ware was the only pottery used until the importation of wheel-made wares began at the end of the 16th century. Abandonment came c 1750. A R
W G Aitken
188 - 204
Fieldwork and excavation mostly in Perthshire and Argyll led to the identification of considerable numbers of slag heaps and hearths belonging to the early ironworking industry in Scotland. The bowl type of hearth was used for smelting bog iron, and the resultant slag was piled into either circular or "crag and tail" long heaps. Sole dating evidence was late 13th-early 14th century Leuchars ware from Ardmarnock Forest, Argyll. A R
John Di Folco
205 - 236
Victor F Denaro
237 - 240
Angus Graham
241 - 284
An assessment of the development of antiquarian thought in Scotland, based on the periodical publications of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. The influence of leading figures of the day is noted, and the trend of interest in various fields of antiquarianism is traced by numerical analysis. A R
C J Wolsey
Gordon S Maxwell
285 - 287
David V Clarke
Hugh McKerrell
287 - 289
A fragment of decorated brass was found on the site of the fort. A border of heart-shaped motifs and a Triton design executed by punching and incision have been enhanced by partial tinning of the surface. The piece has parallels amongst fine military metalwork and may be part of a shield-centre used as parade equipment in the late 1st century AD. AR See also abstract 74/2743.
H Russell Robinson
290 - 292
Two fragments of decorated bronze are recognised as parts of a cheek-piece from a Roman cavalry parade helmet datable to 2nd or 3rd centuries AD. AR See also abstract 74/2734.
Robert B K Stevenson
293 - 294
NT 275725. An Augustan sardonyx intaglio set in an iron ring was found beneath the tumbled rubble of a wall inside a hitherto unrecognised Iron Age fort on Samson's Ribs, Arthur's Seat, Edinburgh. AR
295 - 306
307 - 313