Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society 12 (series 3)

Title
Title
The title of the publication or report
Title:
Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society 12 (series 3)
Series
Series
The series the publication or report is included in
Series:
Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Volume
Volume
Volume number and part
Volume:
12
Number of Pages
Number of Pages
The number of pages in the publication or report
Number of Pages:
303
Publication Type
Publication Type
The type of publication - report, monograph, journal article or chapter from a book
Publication Type:
Journal
Editor
Editor
The editor of the publication or report
Editor:
P L Garside
Ruth Hughes
M Mullett
Publisher
Publisher
The publisher of the publication or report
Publisher:
Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
The year the book, article or report was published
Year of Publication:
2012
Source
Source
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Source:
Source icon
ADS Archive (ADS Archive)
Relations
Relations
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Relations:
URI: http://cumbriapast.com/cgi-bin/ms/main.pl?action=transactions
Created Date
Created Date
The date the record of the pubication was first entered
Created Date:
14 Aug 2013

Please click on a Article link to go to the Article Details.
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Abstract
Download available from the ADS icon Anon
0
No Abstract icon
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0
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon David J Breeze
1 - 2
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Steven Hood
3 - 20
This paper discusses the three great Cumbrian stone circles '“ Long Meg, Castlerigg and Swinside '“ their environs and the moon. It also examines how attention to sacred places and observation of the moon have long been subjects of curiosity to people in many parts of the world. Although the three Cumbrian sites have some features and aspects in common, they have differing environs and horizons, are of different shapes and sizes, and the portals are located in different areas of each circle. Nonetheless, the investigations indicate that they do all appear to have solar and lunar alignments. Au/LD
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Martin D Railton
21 - 36
This paper presents the results of two seasons of investigation undertaken by the Appleby Archaeology Group at a probable Iron Age farmstead on Brackenber Moor, near Appleby-in-Westmorland. A small assemblage of late Neolithic or early Bronze Age flint artefacts was recovered. Radiocarbon dates suggested that the enclosure itself had been occupied during the Iron Age. This work has the potential to contribute to the study of a series of morphologically similar sites in Cumbria, for which dating evidence is lacking. Au/LD
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon William D Shannon
37 - 54
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Catherine Ross
55 - 68
This paper considers the evidence for the nature of the native population in Carlisle and the Solway Plain in the period immediately surrounding the Roman conquest. It focuses on those elements which indicate that the population, commonly referred to as the Carvetti, may have been pro- rather than anti-Roman and thus that Venutius, one of the British rebels made famous by the works of Tacitus, is unlikely to have originated in this area. Literary, epigraphic and archaeological evidence is considered.
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon David J Breeze
69 - 80
The date of the civitas stones from Hadrian's Wall is reviewed and the evidence for the date of completion of the Stone Wall and the extent of the rebuilding of the Turf Wall under Hadrian reconsidered. Emphasis is placed on the lack of evidence for the date of the rebuilding in stone of most of the Turf Wall and for how much of Hadrian's Wall was completed by the time Hadrian died. A second century date for the civitas stones, it is argued, is unlikely. The paper includes a catalogue of the stones.
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon David J A Taylor
J Alan Biggins
81 - 92
The Roman outpost fort of Bewcastle is unusual, being hexagonal in plan and situated in a non-defensive position to the north of Hadrian's Wall. This report on geophysical survey work carried out in 2000, 2002 and 2003 examines the interior of the fort and comments on the apparent lack of a vicus and other features surrounding the site, including any evidence for agricultural activity. The paper puts the survey in context by summarising activity dating from other periods in the environs of the fort, and noting some of the findings of 20th-century fieldwork at the fort itself.
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Amy R Miller
93 - 106
This article shows by means of detailed comparisons how a small tenth-century sculptural fragment at Gosforth, Cumbria, long argued to be a portion of a cross-shaft, is more likely the remains of a second hogback similar in overall design to an extant monument, the 'Saint's Tomb'. This reassessment adds another major monument to the corpus of known pre-Conquest sculptures in Gosforth. The addition further strengthens the argument made for such sites as Lythe, Yorkshire and Penrith, Cumbria, that the crosses and hogbacks functioned as parts of complex sculptural groups.
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Harry Hawkins
John Thorley
107 - 122
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Hugh Vaux
123 - 141
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Peter Roebuck
143 - 158
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Janet D Martin
159 - 170
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon David Uttley
171 - 182
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Simon D I Fleming
183 - 197
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Ian Moonie
199 - 216
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Derek Denman
217 - 230
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Lydia Gray
231 - 248
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon 249 - 254
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Blake Tyson
249 - 254
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Anon
255 - 283
Brief notes on archaeological investigations carried out in Cumbria during 2011, arranged in alphabetical order by town or parish, with a separate section covering the Lake District National Park.
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Anon
284
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Anon
285 - 303
No Abstract icon