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MONOGRAPHS OF THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND

Society Of Antiquaries Of Scotland Edinburgh 1990
Monograph Series Number 7

RHUM: MESOLITHIC AND LATER SITES AT KINLOCH

Author C.R. Wickham-Jones

with
A. Clarke, B. Finlayson, K. Hirons, D. Sutherland and P. Zetterlund

and contributions by
S. Butler, G. Cook, D. Davidson, A. Dugmore, G. Durant, K. Edwards, D. Griffiths, D. Jordan, M. Kemp, S. Lee, B. Maker, S. Mccarten, R. Mccullagh, B. Moffat, R. Parish, and others

Illustration
M. O'Neil and J. Terry with A. Braby and J. Holm

CONTENTS

Preliminaries

Acknowledgements

List of contributors to the volume

List of sponsors of the excavation project

List of illustrations

List of tables

Contents of the microfiche section

Introduction and notes to the volume

1 The island background and the discovery of the site

The physical and ecological background

The historical background

The discovery and potential of the site

2 The excavation: strategy and techniques

Introduction

The first season

The second season

The third season

The undersea survey
S Butler

Artifact analysis: the on-site programme

Artifact analysis: the post-excavation programme

3 The excavation: results

The first season: testing the site

The mesolithic evidence

Later remains

Information from the ploughsoil

Preservation within the field

Excavation outside the field

4 The lithic assemblage: raw materials

The sources of raw materials

Raw material identification
B Finlayson & G Durant

Discussion

5 The lithic assemblage: definitions and composition

Introduction

Definitions

Composition

Summary

6 The lithic assemblage: primary technology
P Zetterlund

Introduction

Sampling the mesolithic material

Sampling the mixed mesolithic/neolithic material

Discussion

7 The lithic assemblage: secondary technology
with S McCartan

Introduction

The modified tool types

Conclusions: secondary technology and the modification of artifacts

8 The lithic assemblage: use and deposition

Introduction

The formative process

Conclusions

9 Other small finds

9.1 Coarse stone tools
A Clarke

9.2 Pottery
M Kemp

9.3 Pumice
A Clarke & A Dugmore

9.4 Bone
A Clarke

10 The radiocarbon determinations
G Cook & E Scott

Introduction

Discussion

11 The postglacial environment
K Hirons

Introduction

Background

The vegetational and related environmental history of Rhum

The changing resource base of Rhum

12 Site formation processes
D Sutherland

Introduction

The deposition of sediments underlying the site

Site modifications during the Flandrian

The differentiation of the features from the natural sediment

Conclusions

13 The use of bloodstone as a raw material for flaked stone tools in the west of Scotland
A Clarke & D Griffiths

Other lithic scatters on Rhum

Sites off Rhum

Discussion

14 Kinloch: interpretation and context

Introduction

Kinloch in the mesolithic

Neolithic and later activity

Kinloch in the wider context

Reference list

Index

MICROFICHE SECTION: CONTENTS

1: A4-B10 The context and finds concordanceTable 30
1: C1-C5 The illustration of the artifact assemblage: context and
finds record numbers of the artifacts illustrated
Table 31
1: C6-C7 The interpreted context numbers: record concordanceTable 32
1: C8-C9 The on-site artifact catalogue: fields, attributes and code
numbers
Table 33
1: C10 The on-site artifact catalogue: relationship of type, subtype
and classification
Table 34
1: D1-D7 The detailed lithic analysis: the extract catalogue - fields,
attributes and codes
Table 35
1: D8-D13 The pottery catalogueKempTable 36
1: E1-E5 The coarse stone tool catalogueClarke aTable 37
1: E6-E9 Other lithic scatters on Rhum: catalogueClarke b
1: E10-F7 The availability of Chalcedonic Silica on RhumDurant
1: F8-F13 Raw material provenance surveyGriffiths
1: G1-G9 Raw materials: identification and surface alteration
experiments
Finlayson aTable 40
1: G10 Raw materials: attributes for differentiationFinlayson bTable 41
1: G11 Raw materials: classification systemFinlayson cTable 42
2: A3-B8 A palynological analysis of a peat core from the Kinloch
Glen (site K)
Parish
2: B9-C3 Environmental analyses of samples from Trench AM and
a blanket peat remnant (RH 3)
Edwards & Hirons
2: C4-D13 Pollen and charcoal analyses from the Farm Fields Site
(RH1)
Hirons & Edwards a
2: E1-E14 Chemical analysis of soil samples from the Farm Fields
excavation
Hirons & Edwards b
2: F1-G12 Report on pollen and ancillary analyses in support of the
excavations at Kinloch
Moffat
3: A3-A11 The analysis of wood samples from the excavation siteMcCullagh
3: A12-B2 Kinloch, Rhum: geomagnetic surveysMaher & Watson
3: B3-C1 Soils and geomorphologyDavidson
3: C2-D2 Kinloch, Rhum: soils and sediments encountered during
excavation
Jordan a
3: D3-D7 Kinloch, Rhum: a report on the thin sections of soils
sampled during excavation
Jordan b
3: D8-D14 Kinloch, Rhum: a report on the statistics of stones from
archaeological contexts
Jordan c
3: E1-E10 Kinloch, Rhum: total phosphate analysis of soilsLee
3: E11-G6 Report on geomorphological investigations carried out in
support of the excavations
Sutherland
3: G7-G10 Pumice on Rhum: geochemical analyses and interpretationDugmore
3: G11-G14 The radiocarbon determinations: procedural resuméCook & Scott